An options contract is a popular financial instrument used by traders and investors looking to capitalise on the movement of underlying assets. Options trading involves buying or selling contracts, called “calls” and “puts”, which give holders the right to buy or sell an asset at a predetermined price in the future. By buying calls and puts, traders can benefit from market volatility without owning the underlying asset.

For traders who want to trade options successfully, learning how they work and what strategies are available for profiting from them is essential. This article will provide introductory information into options trading so you can confidently begin your journey as an options trader.

Learn the basic terminology

When trading options, it’s essential to know the definitions of terms such as strike price and expiration date. The strike price is the rate at which an option contract can be exercised by its holder. You can buy the underlying asset at that price when you purchase a call option with a strike rate of $50. The expiration date is when the option can no longer be exercised by its holder; after this date, it becomes worthless.

Consider time decay

When choosing option contracts, traders must also consider time decay, the gradual reduction in an option’s value due to passing time. Options have different levels of time decay depending on their expiration dates; shorter-term options will have a higher rate of time decay than longer-term options.

Develop a sound trading strategy

To profit from options trading, traders must have a strategy in place. One popular option trading strategy is the covered call, which involves writing or selling call options to other traders while holding the underlying asset simultaneously. Writing calls allows you to earn income if the stock remains relatively stable; however, it can also limit potential gains as your profits will be capped once the underlying asset reaches the strike price.

Another strategy used by many successful traders is buying puts and calls. Buying calls gives you the right to buy an asset at a predetermined price while buying puts gives you the right to sell an asset at a predetermined price. This approach allows traders to take advantage of price movements in either direction and can potentially result in significant profits.

Manage risks

Options trading involves some risk due to the volatility of markets. Before entering any trade, it’s essential to consider your risk tolerance, as this will help you develop an appropriate strategy for your portfolio. To manage risk effectively, traders should employ stop-loss orders which automatically exit a position if the underlying asset moves against them. Risk management techniques such as these are essential for successful options trading.

Trade on a demo account

Once you feel confident enough to trade with real money, it’s essential to practice on a demo account before risking your capital. Demo accounts allow traders to place simulated trades to test different strategies without any financial risk, which is an ideal way for new traders to gain experience while learning how options trading works in the real world.

How to start trading options in Hong Kong?

In Hong Kong, options trading is regulated by the Securities and Futures Commission (SFC). Traders must obtain approval from the SFC before trading options in this region. To do so, traders must fulfil specific criteria, such as having a minimum of HK$100,000 in their investment portfolio and demonstrating prior knowledge about financial markets. Once approved, starting trading options via online brokerages or investment banks is possible.

Options trading can be an effective way for investors to diversify their portfolios and generate returns when used correctly. You can begin your journey into successful options trading today with a clear understanding of how to option trade and which strategies are available for profiting from them.   By obtaining approval from the SFC and employing appropriate risk management techniques, anyone can confidently start trading options in Hong Kong.


Trading options can be an effective way to potentially profit from market movements without owning the underlying asset. However, it requires a sound understanding of basic terminology and strategies and strong risk management skills. You can trade options successfully and reap the rewards with the proper knowledge and strategies.

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